Apple wins fight against $15 bn tax order in a blow for EU

Apple has scored a major win as Europe’s second-highest court rejected an EU order for the iPhone maker to pay 13 billion euros or $15 billion in Irish back taxes.
Apple storeEuropean Commission in its order four years ago said Apple benefited from illegal state aid via two Irish tax rulings that artificially reduced its tax burden for over two decades – to as low as 0.005 percent in 2014.

“The General Court annuls the contested decision because the Commission did not succeed in showing to the requisite legal standard that there was an advantage for the purposes of Article 107(1) TFEU1,” judges said, referring to EU competition rules.

They said the EU executive was wrong to say Apple’s two Irish subsidiaries – Apple Sales International (ASI) and Apple Operations Europe (AOE) – had been granted a selective economic advantage and, by extension, state aid.

Apple welcomed the ruling, saying the case was not about how much tax it pays, but where it is required to pay it.

Ireland – which had appealed against the Commission’s decision alongside Apple – said it had always been clear it had not given special treatment to the U.S. company.

The defeat for European Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager could weaken or delay pending cases against Ikea’s and Nike’s deals with the Netherlands, as well as Huhtamaki’s agreement with Luxembourg.

Vestager said she would study the court’s judgment and reflect on possible next steps. The Commission can appeal on points of law to the EU Court of Justice, Europe’s top court.

The Commission, which was ordered by the court to pay Apple’s and Ireland’s legal costs, could still salvage its case, said Dimitrios Kyriazis, Head of Law Faculty at the New College of Humanities in London.

The European Network on Debt and Development (Eurodad) said the judgment showed the need for corporate tax reform in Europe, Reuters reported.

“Today’s court decision illustrates how difficult it is to use EU state aid rules to collect tax. If we had a proper corporate tax system, we wouldn’t need long court cases to find out whether it is legal for multinational corporations to pay less than 1 percent in taxes,” its tax justice coordinator Tove Maria Ryding said.

The ruling puts Ireland’s tax regime back in the spotlight at a delicate juncture. With attempts to get a global agreement on taxing multinationals buckling, plans for an EU tax could be revived, putting Dublin’s low rates in the firing line.

Multinationals, attracted by Ireland’s low taxes, employ around 250,000 people in the country, accounting for one in ten workers at the end of last year.

However, the government has faced criticism from opposition parties for fighting against a tax windfall that would have amounted to 14 billion euros, including interest, and could have covered at least half of a budget deficit forecast to balloon to as much as 10 percent of GDP this year.