The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted on Tuesday to adopt auction procedures to provide up to $16 billion to areas that lack broadband service, including nearly 6 million unserved rural homes and businesses.
The FCC voted to start the auction on October 29. Operators will be required to offer voice and broadband services in unserved locations in exchange for receiving monthly payments over 10 years.
The three FCC Republican commissioners approved the proposal, while the two Democrats dissented in part.
FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, a Republican, said Americans without access to high-speed internet “deserve access as soon as possible. They cannot afford to wait … while we work to develop new, more granular broadband coverage maps” that will be used to award a subsequent $4 billion.
Democratic FCC Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel disagreed, saying the commission should ensure it has better maps detailing where service is lacking.
“We are rushing billions out the door with a brazen disregard for our legal obligation to do so based on accurate data and that means when it comes to broadband we are going to leave millions behind,” she said.
Geoffrey Starks, another Democrat on the panel, said he would have preferred to start with a smaller budget or shorter term of support so that the bulk of funds could be spent after we complete the mapping overhaul.”
FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr, a Republican, said the auction will allow providers to bring millions of Americans across the digital divide.
A May FCC report said 18.3 million people in the United States lack access to broadband, but Democrats say that underestimates the problem, while Republicans note the report found the number without access has fallen by 30 percent since 2016.
The proposal also will allow low earth orbit satellite systems, such as those made by SpaceX, to take part in the auction. SpaceX is developing a low latency, broadband internet system using low Earth orbit satellites.