UK government may block Huawei from core network of 5G

British officials have proposed allowing a limited role to China’s Huawei in the UK’s 5G network, resisting U.S. calls for a complete ban over fears of Chinese spying, Reuters reported.
Huawei 5G base stations in China
The officials proposed barring Huawei from the core part of the 5G network and restricted government systems, closely mirroring a provisional decision made last year under former Prime Minister Theresa May.

Both BT and Vodafone will be forced to use Ericsson or Nokia telecom equipment in their core network when they go for the expansion of 5G network.

BT and Vodafone, Britain’s two largest telecoms operators, have also argued against a total ban. Vodafone currently uses Huawei in the outer parts of its mobile network but last year paused deployment in the core until Western governments give the company a full security clearance.

BT also uses Huawei equipment in networks outside of the core. In addition, BT excluded Huawei from the bidding process for its future 5G network. BT, BT-owned EE and Vodafone have already launched 5G services in select locations.

Malcolm Turnbull, who as Australia’s prime minister banned Huawei entirely from 5G networks in 2018, warned 5G’s virtualised technology made it impossible to separate the core from the periphery, Financial Times reported earlier.

The recommendation, made at a meeting of officials from senior government departments on Wednesday, comes ahead of a meeting of Britain’s National Security Council next week to decide how to deploy Huawei equipment.

“The technical and policy guidance hasn’t changed,” said one of the sources. “Now it is down to a political calculation.”

A spokesman for prime minister Boris Johnson said: “The work on the issue of high risk vendors in the 5G network remains ongoing and when it is completed it will be announced to parliament.”

Huawei declined specific comment. The company has repeatedly and vehemently denied allegations of spying.

Britain is caught in the center of a geopolitical tug-of-war over Huawei, the world’s biggest maker of mobile networking equipment.

In the first big test of Brexit Britain’s foreign policy, Johnson’s government must balance its “special relationship” with the United States against valuable trade ties with China and industry warnings that banning Huawei would cost billions of dollars and delay the UK rollout of super-fast 5G connections.

The proposed solution represents a “calculated compromise”, which can be presented to Washington as a tough restriction on the Chinese firm but also accepted by British operators already using the company’s equipment.

Any decision by Britain to allow Huawei even a restricted role in its 5G networks will likely anger U.S. officials, who say Huawei equipment could be used by China for spying or sabotage and have threatened to limit intelligence sharing with allies who refuse to bar it from their networks.

UK intelligence officials have called out Huawei for failing to address security flaws in its equipment, but say they have found no evidence of state espionage and believe they are able to successfully manage any risks posed by the firm.